2011 seemed the year of stabilization for U.S. Life insurers. The rating agencies were subdued in 2011 and there was not much activity in either downgrades or upgrades in 2011. Outlooks for 2012 vary across the agencies. The variances come mostly from regulatory and accounting uncertainties. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street act that was approved in 2010 has yet to be implemented, suggested regulatory initiatives not yet in place, and Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) considering major changes to insurance accounting standards could all impact the ratings of insurers in 2012 as well as the ongoing economic uncertainty.
When an insurer's rating is downgraded, the change often means that either the insurer's profitability has declined, the insurer's reserves have deteriorated, or both. The insurer's most immediate response to a downgrade in its ratings, and its most effective means for restoring profitability and recovering reserves, can be to increase policy costs for cost of insurance (COI) charges and expenses. In other words, when ratings go down, policy charges are more likely to be increased, and thus premiums are likely to (need to) go up.
If you(r clients) do not know what they are paying for cost of insurance charges (COIs), fixed administration expenses (FAEs), cash-value-based "wrap fees" (e.g., M&Es) and premium loads in their life insurance policy holdings now, then there will be no way to know if or when such policy expenses are increased. Now is the time to find out. Since the beginning of this year, there have already been cost increases to some products of insurers that were reported as downgraded by the rating agencies.
INSPECT WHAT YOU EXPECT! Use a Confidential Policy Evaluator (CPE) Research Report to measure policy expenses and know if a particular insurer is increasing or decreasing policy expenses.
Rating services like A. M. Best, Standard & Poor's, Moody's, Fitch and TheStreet.com continually evaluate insurance carriers for their financial strength (i.e., the profitability of the insurer's business operations) and claims-paying ability (i.e., the sufficiency of insurer's reserves compared with its future claims obligations). While rating services may focus on different key indicators or qualitative factors, all ratings reflect some combination of these two measures. The below list of life insurance companies have either been downgraded by or placed on a watch-list by one or more of the above ratings services.
However, please note that different ratings services have different means and methods for determining when an insurer should be downgraded and/or placed on their watch-list, and thus different ratings downgrades and watch-lists have different meanings. For instance, only certain ratings agencies are registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as a Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organization ("NRSRO") and thus subject to SEC regulation and utilized by insurance regulators. As such, some insurers, agents, brokers and/or insurance consultants view NRSRO-registered ratings services as being a more credible indicator of a given insurance company’s reserves and claims paying ability. For a list of these ratings services who are NRSRO-registered, click here.
In addition, certain ratings are “voluntary”, which is to say the insurer must cooperate with and pay a fee to the rating service for their rating of that insurer. Of course, this cooperation can result in a rating that is based on more information and insight into the financial strength and claims-paying ability of the insurer than that available to “involuntary” ratings services. However, this also means that insurers can “shop” for the most liberal “voluntary” ratings and are usually permitted to withdraw their cooperation when they feel certain public disclosures could hurt business. Because ratings services depend on insurance company fees for revenues, and because ratings play a critical role in insurance sales and advertising, some insurers, agents, brokers and/or insurance consultants, therefore, view “voluntary” ratings as less credible due to possible conflicts of interest into the rating process (See U.S. Government Accounting Office (GAO) Insurance Ratings: Comparison of Private Agency Ratings for Life/Health Insurers – while somewhat dated, certain findings may again have relevance given recent criticism of certain ratings agencies).
For these reasons, Veralytic considers all available ratings from all ratings agencies when determining the financial strength and claims-paying ability ranking that is factored into the Veralytic Star Rating for overall suitability of a particular product. In this way, the relevance of a change in rating change by a single ratings service is less a matter of that isolated change in ratings and more a matter of how such ratings change relates to the ratings of all other insurance companies. Also under this approach, if one ratings service makes a “mistake” for whatever reason in the derivation of a particular rating of a particular insurer, then that “mistake” is "diluted" or "diversified" by the other presumably "correct" ratings (under the presumption that even if more than one rating agency was to make a "mistake", it would be highly unlikely that they would all make the exact same mistake and come up with the same "incorrect" rating).
Veralytic CPE research reports, therefore, consider the overall financial strength and claims-paying ability ranking of the insurer for the product that is the subject of the research report based on all ratings services, and assigns a full star in the Veralytic Star Rating system to those insurers ranked in the top decile (top-10%), a 1/2 star to those insurers ranked the top quartile (top-25%), and no star for those insurers ranked even lower. For more information about the actual ratings from the ratings services of any of the insurers listed below, contact either an agent, broker or company representative of that insurer. Or, for an independent, empirical and objective rating of a particular product to a specific client situation that considers both the insurers financial strength and claims-paying ranking of the insurer as well as essential information about the pricing and performance of the product, request a Confidential Policy Evaluator (CPE) Research Report.
December 2011 Rating Downgrades/Watch-List
During the month of December in 2011, ratings for the insurers shown below were downgraded or placed on the watch-list by one or more of the rating services that evaluate the financial strength and claims-paying ability of insurance companies. Downgrades reported here are provided by VitalSigns, a service of EbixExchange, and are grouped their Veralytic Star Rating and listed alphabetically. This is not intended to be a complete list of all insurance companies and their respective Veralytic rankings.
The below insurers are rated a half-star under the TIA Star Rating system due to ranking in the top quartile (top 25% percent), but not top decile (top 10%) among all insurers for financial strength and claims-paying ability according to the ratings of all the major ratings agencies. Financial strength and claims paying ability is only one of the five TIA star ratings. For a complete TIA star ratings that consider the five major factors of suitability click here.
Independence Life & Ann Co
Sun Life Assur Co of CA
Sun Life Ins & Ann of NY
The below insurers are rated no-star under the Veralytic Star Rating system due to ranking below the top quartile (top 25% percent) among all insurers for financial strength and claims-paying ability according to the ratings of all the major ratings agencies . Financial strength and claims paying ability is only one of the five Veralytic star ratings. For a complete Veralytic star rating that consider the five major factors of suitability click here.
Commonwealth Ann & Life
First Allmerica Financial Life
First Central Nat Life of NY
First Investors Life Ins Co
Generali USA Life Reassur
Household Life Ins Co
ING Life Ins & Ann
ING USA Ann & Life Ins Co
Midwestern United Life Ins Co
Pekin Life Ins Co
Professional Ins Co
ReliaStar Life Ins Co
ReliaStar Life Ins Co of NY
Security Life of Denver Ins Co
Tower Life Ins Co
Use Veralytic to Monitor Ratings AND Policy Pricing
Financial strength and claims-paying ability of the insurer is only 1 of the 5 major factors of product suitability. Because declines in ratings can signal increases in policy costs, the appropriateness of a policy should be re-evaluated when the insurer's financial strength and claims-paying ability rating is downgraded. In order to fully assess the impact of recent ratings downgrades on your clients’ permanent life insurance portfolios, or to establish a baseline by which to judge the impact of future shifts in ratings, request a Confidential Policy Evaluator (CPE) Research Report now. Just fax the detailed expense report along with the policy illustration toll free to 800-409-3222 to request a CPE Report for your client's policy. If the policy illustration is not available, download a sample Request for Information (RFI) letter to gather the necessary policy information.